Table of Contents - Draft / by Elie Bourget

Infill XS: Adaptation in Postwar Housing

by Elie Bourget, for Uwaterloo School of Architecture

Abstract (Defining the Problem)

Introduction (Profiling the case study, Context and Methodology)

A. Overbrook – A mixed study

  • Brief history and timeline
  • Mixed Suburban Morphology
  • Suburban Characteristics
  • Detached Structures

B. Context & Statistic

  • Location and Transportation
  • Existing Boundaries
  • Statistics of Decline
  • Existing land-use
  • Infrastructure Renewal projects

C. Methodolog

  • U.P.A. & net residential density
  • Average Household size and demographics
  • Infill precedents and types
  • Meshing ownership and rental (Hidden Density, Low-Yield Intensification)
  • Adapting Infill 1 for the Bungalow Belt

1. Then 1945 – 1960 (History, Origins of First-Ring Suburbs,

A. Types of Suburbs

  • Prewar: Enclave, Streetcar & Industrial
  • Unplanned Suburb
  • Planned Suburb
  • Corporate Suburb

B. Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation

  • Public Service in Architecture
  • Standardization & Zoning
  • Financial Reform
  • Four Basic House Types (One & half storey, Bungalow, 2 storey, split)
  • Publications and education
  • Aided Self-help programs

C. Sweat Equity

  • Private Financing and 5-year loans
  • Aversion to debt
  • Owner-Building
  • 'Familiar Strangers'
  • Convergence of middle & working class

 

3. Parallax (Theory & morphology)

A. Intra-city Zone

  • Five Zones (Core, Inner-City, Inner-Suburbs, Outer-Suburbs, Fringe)
  • The Decentralization trend
  • The Back-to-the-city Trend
  • The Decline of Inner-Suburbs

B. Housing Trends

  • Rise of the Single-occupant household
  • Boomers adjusting within the market
  • The Condo-boom
  • The Decline of rental & boarding
  • Erosion of Affordability & the Median-multiplier Indicator
  • (Expectations & architectural taste, or Keeping up with the Jones)

C. Adaptability of Postwar Housing

  • Comparative Suburban Morphology (Types & Zones)
  • Patterns & commonalities in Growth of Post-War Homes
  • Underused property in Inner-Suburbs
  • Designed for Growth, a starter-home for the country

 

2. Now 2000 – 2015 (Existing Conditions & Issues)

A. Smart Growth

  • Chronology of Growth policies
  • Five target intensification zones
  • Community Design/Development Plans (CDPs)
  • Zoning reform

B. Overbuild, or “Ottawa's Happy Problem

  • The Policy “Blindspot”
  • 'Extremification' and NIMBYism
  • Spot Re-zoning & Section 37
  • Intergenerational Conflict in Mature Neighbourhoods
  • Infill 1 Bylaw for Mature Neighbourhoods

C. Overbrook

  • Current densities and distribution
  • Distribution of underused land
  • Anticipated Growth
  • Local Infill Precedents
  • Decay rate (Permits & Demolitions Year-to-year)

 

4. Adaptation (Scale, new metrics, typologies and policies)

A. Adjusting for Scale

  • Variables & Scales for Intensification
  • Balancing F.A.R. / U.P.A. / Building Height
  • Anticipating Up-Zoning (Overbuild)
  • Anticipating Down-Zoning (McMansions)

B. Typologies

  • Additions
  • Conversions
  • Infill & Severance
  • Garden Suites
  • Redevelopment

C. Policy Implications

  • Re-Purposing Community Design Plans
  • Expanding 'Character' Tiers for Infill 1 in the Bungalow Belt
  • Model Garden Suite By-law
  • Creating Urban Policy Tiers
  • Proposed Land-Use Plan and Zoning Changes

 

Conclusions

    • Post-War Lessons in Affordability

    • Benefits of Low-yield intensification or 'hidden density'

    • Designing Policy for Owner-Driven Redevelopment